Pilots Recognized for Safely Overcoming Tire Failure and Gear Malfunction during Takeoff
WASHINGTON—The Air Line Pilots Association, Int’l (ALPA) will recognize Delta Air Lines pilots Capt. Edward Bird, F/O Kenneth Wasson, and F/O Daniel Wright for their extraordinary skill and teamwork in successfully handling a potentially catastrophic flight emergency at Madrid, Spain, last December. The pilots will receive the Superior Airmanship Award at ALPA’s 60th Air Safety Forum, to be held August 4–7 in Washington, D.C.
“Providing the highest level of safety for our passengers is our first priority as professional Delta and ALPA pilots,” said Capt. Michael Donatelli, chairman of the Delta Air Lines pilot group’s Master Executive Council (MEC). “Capt. Edward Bird, F/O Kenneth Wasson, and F/O Daniel Wright exemplify the high standards required and training accomplished to react appropriately and successfully in a time-critical emergency. The Delta MEC recognizes and thanks them for their commitment to the safety of our passengers.”
On the morning of Dec. 5, 2013, Delta Air Lines Flight 415, Boeing 767 service from Madrid to New York, suffered a violent main landing gear tire blowout during takeoff. The flight crew heard a loud bang as the tire exploded, followed by continuous loud noise and heavy vibration throughout the airplane. The vibration was severe enough to cause several passenger oxygen masks and ceiling panels in the cabin to drop. On board were 200 passengers and eight flight attendants, as well as the three pilots.
Because the airplane had just reached flying speed, Capt. Bird directed F/O Wasson, who was flying the airplane, to continue the takeoff rather than try to stop on the remaining runway. As the heavy widebody aircraft climbed away from the runway, the pilots tried unsuccessfully to raise the landing gear. Cockpit warning lights showed that the tire explosion—which blew a hole through the right wing—had ruptured lines in two of the airplane’s three hydraulic systems through which the pilots operate the flight controls, wheel brakes, nosewheel steering, and other aircraft systems.
Capt. Bird declared an emergency to Madrid air traffic control. Then he and F/O Wright ran the emergency procedures checklist for the dual hydraulic system failure.
F/O Wright, acting as the relief pilot for the long international flight, communicated with the flight attendants, Delta’s Madrid Station Operations, and the passengers. Concurrently, Capt. Bird informed Delta’s dispatch office of the emergency and began to help F/O Wasson prepare for an overweight landing back at Madrid. They would have to land with no reverse thrust available from the right engine, and wheel braking limited to emergency brakes.
F/O Wasson flew a normal approach and landing, though at a higher-than-normal speed because of the airplane’s greater weight. Using full manual braking and left thrust reverse, the pilots decelerated the overweight B-767 until reaching the last taxiway, where the brake hydraulic pressure finally gave out. With no brakes and no steering, the airplane veered to the left and stopped just off a taxiway.
Though the airplane required extensive repairs, none of the passengers or crew members were injured.
“The pilots relied upon their thorough training and their considerable experience as professional airline pilots to deal with a serious situation in superb fashion,” said ALPA president Capt. Lee Moak. “They managed their cockpit duties flawlessly, widened the team, and coordinated with air traffic control, maintenance, and dispatch perfectly. The pilots executed multiple procedures in a short period of time in preparation for landing and managed the post-landing and evacuation of the aircraft in a highly professional manner.”
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