A new strategy to improve customs risk management, together with a detailed action plan, was adopted by the Commission today. Robust customs risk management is essential to protect the safety and security of the EU and its citizens, the interests of legitimate traders and EU financial interests, while at the same time enabling the smooth flow of trade. As the volume of trade grows and the international supply chain becomes ever more complex and fast-moving, the framework for customs risk management needs to be adapted and developed accordingly. The new strategy seeks to ensure that customs is more coherent, efficient and cost effective in identifying and supervising supply chain risks, in a way that reflects today's realities. The action plan sets out specific measures to achieve this, together with the actors responsible and clear deadlines for doing so.
Algirdas Šemeta, Commissioner responsible for Customs, said: "Customs holds the key to smooth trade and safe trade. With 300 million declarations to process and € 3.5 trillion worth of trade in goods to supervise every year, EU customs need to optimise their use of resources, without compromising security or disrupting legal trade. Robust risk management allows customs to identify where, when and how their controls are best deployed, and to respond effectively when threats do arise."
The new strategy identifies the key priorities where action is needed in order to achieve more effective and efficient EU-wide customs risk management. Each of these priorities is then developed, in the accompanying action plan, in terms of actions to be taken and deliverables to be achieved. The Commission, Member States and economic operators all have important and clearly defined roles to play in ensuring the successful implementation of the new strategy.
The main priorities in the strategy to improve customs risk management are:
Efficient controls and risk-mitigation
Different types of risk require different responses. For example, the risk of a bomb or infectious disease needs to be dealt with before the shipment is even loaded for transportation in a third country, whereas financial misdemeanours can be addressed through post-clearance audits. To maximise the efficient use of resources, controls have to be performed at the right place and time in the supply chain, and information should be shared more effectively between customs authorities. This will help avoid duplication of controls.
In order to ensure that customs have high-quality, timely information on goods entering and leaving the EU, adjustments need to be made to certain legal, procedural and IT systems. These adjustments (e.g. to the IT systems that process entry summary declarations (ENS)) should be implemented in a way which does not create undue costs for businesses or public authorities.
To ensure customs authorities can effectively analyse and mitigate risks, mechanisms should be put in place to improve the availability of data and the sharing of risk-relevant information amongst customs authorities throughout the entire control process.
Customs should also work closely with other law enforcement authorities. Common risk criteria and improved information sharing would allow the various authorities tackling supply chain risk to support and complement each other's work.
Cooperation with traders
The partnership between customs and reliable traders should be further developed, including through the promotion of the EU Authorised Economic Operator (AEO) programme, in particular through broader recognition by non-customs authorities.
To ensure that all customs authorities implement risk management to a high standard across the EU, divergences between Member States should be identified and addressed. EU level support could be given to help address weaknesses, including possible further capacities at EU and Member State level where needed, and cooperation between national customs authorities should be further enhanced.
International customs cooperation
The EU should remain active in helping to set global standards in international fora, and should work to implement and promote these common norms amongst international trading partners.
An amendment of the EU Customs Code in 2005 provided for the development of common rules for customs risk management (see IP/05/209). This common framework sets out common criteria to identify risks, common conditions for trusted traders (see link), and pre-arrival/pre-departure security risk analysis based on electronically submitted cargo information. The strategy adopted today follows the identification of gaps in the current implementation of customs risk management and responds to the June 2013 EU Council of Ministers' call for measures to address the situation.