Parliamentary inquiry should consider the impact of welfare reform on demand for food banks, says University expert
Research raises the question of whether the state or civil society is responsible for protecting people from hunger
Policy-makers urged to consider the impact of welfare reform on food bank demand
All-Party Parliamentary Inquiry into food poverty and hunger begins today (Wednesday 9 April 2014)
The Sheffield Political Economy Research Institute (SPERI) is today (Wednesday 9 April 2014) urging a new Parliamentary inquiry into food poverty to consider the impact welfare reform is having on food banks in the UK.
Research by experts at the University of Sheffield raises the question of whose responsibility it is to protect citizens from hunger – the state or civil society.
Experts say the relationship between food bank use and the adequacy of social protection is a key question and should be a priority for the All-Party Parliamentary inquiry into hunger and poverty, which is holding a research summit today.
The last few years have seen rising numbers of food bank projects established and emergency parcels being distributed across the UK. The Trussell Trust Foodbank Network is the largest and most high profile network of local food bank projects, but there are also a range of independent food banking initiatives around the country.
During this period, the UK coalition government – in a continuation of Labour policies – has introduced several welfare reforms, which include but are not limited to: caps on levels of entitlement, the ‘spare room subsidy’ being introduced to housing benefit, longer waiting periods between unemployment and benefit eligibility and the establishment of local welfare assistance to replace the discretionary social fund.
Research by SPERI indicates that welfare reforms are having an impact on the need for food banks in two distinct ways: people are turning to them as a result of changes to entitlements which are leaving them worse off or inadequate processes which leave them without an income.
The report by the University of Sheffield’s Hannah-Lambie Mumford, from the Department of Geography, highlights an urgent need for policy-makers to consider the impact of welfare reform on food bank demand and calls for reviews into the adequacy of reformed social security income levels and the fairness and effectiveness of social security processes and local welfare assistance.
Hannah Lambie-Mumford said: “The relationship between welfare reform and food banks epitomises the evolving boundaries of responsibility for the prevention of poverty between state and civil society.
“There appear to be two likely lines of development in this regard. On the one hand, philanthropic food banking could become increasingly part of the welfare state, should local assistance schemes formalise referrals to food banks as part of their provision. However, this depends upon the state taking responsibility, perhaps tacitly, for such provision locally in some form.
“On the other hand, food banks may remain distinct philanthropic initiatives but find themselves working in the absence of the state. This possibility is raised by the potential for the abolition of local welfare assistance schemes, continued reductions in social security entitlements, and failures to rectify inadequate procedures and processes.”
Today’s publication is the fourth in a new series of SPERI British Political Economy Briefs.
Through this series SPERI hopes to draw upon the expertise of its academic researchers to influence the debate in the UK on sustainable economic recovery.
The Sheffield Political Economy Research Institute (SPERI) is an academic institute based at the University of Sheffield. The institute aims to bring together leading international researchers, policy-makers, journalists and opinion formers to develop new ways of thinking about the economic and political challenges posed for the whole world by the current combination of financial crisis, shifting economic power and environmental threat.
The evidence presented in the report is based on qualitative data collected from Trussell Trust staff, local Trussell Trust Foodbank managers, managers of independent food banks associated with local networks and/or receiving food from FareShare (the surplus food redistribution charity) and one larger day project which serves hot meals and distributes food parcels (25 interviews in total). Content analysis of the 25 interviews undertaken as part of this research shows that:
64 per cent of all respondents talked about the impact of welfare reform or welfare processes on demand.
83 per cent of food bank managers interviewed talked about the impact of welfare reform or welfare processes on demand.
50 per cent of food bank managers interviewed were concerned about the adequacy of local welfare assistance schemes in their area and the impact this would have on demand for food banks.
33 per cent of food bank managers interviewed were concerned that their projects may be incorporated within local welfare assistance schemes.
58 per cent of food bank managers interviewed were concerned about the impact that welfare reform was having on demand.
58 per cent of food bank managers interviewed were concerned about the impact that welfare processes (sanctioning decisions and length, delays in payment) were having on demand.
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