Albrecht Dürer (1471–1528) Born 1471 Nuremberg, Germany. Lived and worked Nuremberg and Venice, Italy. Died 1528 Nuremberg. Melencolia I 1514 engraving on paper image 23.8 x 18.6 cm sheet 24.1 x 18.7 cm Art Gallery of South Australia, Adelaide. Morgan Thomas Bequest Fund 1962.
Five hundred years after the celebrated artist Albrecht Dürer produced his Melencolia I engraving, the historic work will be the centrepiece of an exhibition at The University of Queensland Art Museum.
“Since the Renaissance, melancholy has been invoked as a condition, perspective, or mood, and inhabited figures, objects and landscapes,” said Dr Andrea Bubenik, an art history lecturer at UQ.
She is a specialist in Northern Renaissance art and the art and science of Albrecht Dürer, and is an associate investigator with the Centre.
“I relish the opportunity to mark the 500th anniversary of one of the most enigmatic and written-about images in the history of art,” Dr Bubenik said.
“Understanding the ways historical images stake their claims in the present is an essential task for art historians and curators, museums and art galleries.
“This exhibition explores the iconic status and visual reception of Dürer’s engraving, as well as the idea of melancholia in and of itself.
“Artwork can easily and often fall into obscurity, yet Dürer’s engraving has had an impressive afterlife.
“As an art historian, I find it fascinating to trace the creative prominence and trajectory of melancholia through time and to discover the influence of Dürer’s engraving in artworks from the 16th century right up to the present day.”
Dr Bubenik said it was difficult to qualify a universal experience of melancholia.
“Its interpretation has shifted dramatically over time, and the modern tendency is to associate melancholy with depression,” she said.
“Melancholy hasn’t always been viewed as an affliction or stigmatised in the way depression sometimes is today.
“In fact, melancholy has a history of being interpreted positively by those who reflect and comment on the creative enterprise.
“This exhibition demonstrates that melancholy can be contemplative, self-reflective and a creative state, as well as a concept used to frame experience in a useful, and at times, very positive way.”
UQ Art Museum Director Dr Campbell Gray said the exhibition was a confluence of literary, visual, and psychological forms inspired by a scholar’s research on an evocative and intriguing subject.
“Dr Bubenik has brought her vision for this exhibition to life with great sensitivity, assembling a rich collection of work by international and Australian artists who have, over the past five centuries, responded to the melancholic state,” Dr Gray said.
“I’m deeply grateful for the partnership between the UQ Node, ARC Centre of Excellence for the History of Emotions (Europe 1100–1800) that has facilitated this project, resulting in an exhibition and associated publication, as well as lectures, symposia and other public programs.”
Five Centuries of Melancholia comprises 46 works by 33 artists drawn from national and state institutions, and regional, university and private collections. The exhibition runs from 30 August to 30 November 2014.