The European Commission has today decided to register a European Citizens' Initiative entitled ‘Europe CARES - Inclusive Quality Education for Children with Disabilities'.
The objective of the initiative is to ensure: "the right to inclusive education of children and adults with disabilities within the European Union". The initiative states that while "over 70 million EU citizens have a disability and 15 million children have special educational needs" many "are facing excessive barriers in […]their rightto quality inclusive education". The organisers therefore call on the Commission to "draft a bill on a common EU framework of inclusive education, whichwill ensure that no child is left behind when it comes to early intervention services, education and transition towards the labour market".
Under the Treaties, the EU can take legal action aimed at combatting discrimination based on disability as well as support Member States' efforts when it comes to education systems and vocational trainings. The Commission therefore considered the initiative legally admissible and decided to register it. At this stage in the process, the Commission does not analyse the substance.
The registration of this Initiative will take place on 4 March 2019, starting a one-year process of collection of signatures of support by its organisers. Should the initiative receive one million statements of support within one year, from at least seven different Member States, the Commission will analyse it and react within three months. The Commission can decide either to follow the request or not, and in both instances would be required to explain its reasoning.
European Citizens' Initiatives were introduced with the Lisbon Treaty and launched as an agenda-setting tool in the hands of citizens in April 2012, upon the entry into force of the European Citizens' Initiative Regulation which implements the Treaty provisions. In 2017, as part of President Juncker's State of the Union address, the European Commission tabled reform proposals for the European Citizens' Initiative to make it even more user-friendly. In December 2018, the European Parliament and the Council agreed on the reform and the revised rules will start applying as of 1 January 2020.
Once formally registered, a European Citizens' Initiative allows one million citizens from at least one quarter of EU Member States to invite the European Commission to propose a legal act in areas where the Commission has the power to do so.
The conditions for admissibility are that the proposed action does not manifestly fall outside the framework of the Commission's powers to submit a proposal for a legal act, that it is not manifestly abusive, frivolous or vexatious and that it is not manifestly contrary to the values of the Union.